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 أمثلة لموضوعات تعبيرية ( Paragraph ) و Letter بأيدى مدرسين متميزين للصف الاول الثانوى

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كاتب الموضوعرسالة
امينة حماد
المشرف العام
المشرف العام



الجنسية: مصري
رقم العضوية: 4000

الجنس: انثى
عدد المساهمات: 3628
نقاط: 7326
تاريخ الميلاد: 21/01/1960
تاريخ التسجيل: 01/08/2010
العمر: 54
الموقع: المشرف العام

مُساهمةموضوع: أمثلة لموضوعات تعبيرية ( Paragraph ) و Letter بأيدى مدرسين متميزين للصف الاول الثانوى    2010-12-08, 12:58

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The person I admire most
The person I admire most is my father. He is a role model father He is a successful doctor. He treats his patients kindly. He is serious and sincere at work. He is a friendly character who spares no effort to help those who need him and holds back nothing in due. He is loved by all people around him. I am greatly affected by him so I wish very much to follow in his footsteps. That's why I consider him the most important person in my life.
Life in the future
Life in the future will-be much easier and comfortable than our life today. Every family will own its home. The sun will provide us with the energy we need. Every home will have two or three computers and everyone will talk to their friends on the internet. Nobody will use telephones any more. We will see people's faces on the computer screen. Cars will run on fuel cell batteries and our cities will be cleaner and quieter. I think we will travel more, as planes will be faster and cheaper. Perhaps planes will fly to the moon!
The computer
The computer is one of the modern wonders of the world. It is an obvious  part of technology that reaches into most people's lives because they are far more accurate and efficient than human beings. It can be put to varied uses. It can easily perform simple and complex calculations. It can be used in banks to control our cash and keep bank accounts. Also, in hospitals, it can be used to check our health. Also, The computer is ideal for doing our everyday needs: it can be used to reserve aeroplane tickets, in shopping, communicate with relatives and colleagues. In the end, we can't do without the computer.
Pollution
Nothing is ugly than seeing tones of rubbish piles and exhaust fumes sent up into the atmosphere. Pollution is an environmental problem which arises from man's unwise abuse of his natural surroundings and resources such as air and water:* It's a big problem that needs all efforts to put an end to . On one hand, man has foolishly damaged his environment when poisoned , the atmosphere and polluted the earth and water. Polluted air may damage man's lungs and cause death. Also, Adding poisonous gases such as Carbon dioxide to the atmosphere may cause increased temperatures consequently the ice at the Arctic and Antarctic is melted. So, environmental conferences are yearly held all over the world to discuss pollution problems, show its dangers and offer solutions. In the end, man has to reach a balanced relation i^ in his everyday dealings with the environment.


Friends
Friends are either good or bad. Some of them are worthy of respects while others are hateful ones. Personally I like helpful friends who are ready to stand by me in time of troubles, and share my joy and sorrow. Moreover, man has no choice in making friends, yet he should be carefully cautious  when befriends anyone. He must test him in some situations before he reveals any of his secrets. Among friends I feel warmth brotherhood that is why I take my friend as a refuge (shelter) where I find relief and comfort a To sum up, a friend in need is a friend indeed.
Mobile phones
Mobile phones are of great importance to many people in society from a businessman to an ordinary man. They can't do without. In time of emergency people need to make a phone call asking for the ambulance help. In travel, mobiles are necessary to tell other people how you are doing. But some people have bad habits when using mobiles. They sometimes disturb people indoors unnecessarily at midnight. While driving, they may cause death, so the government should pass strict laws against using them while driving. However, doctors warn people of its drawbacks exposing themselves to the side effects of electromagnetic a., waves causing cancer. So people should use mobile phones more wisely and quietly.
Water
Nothing can live without water. The water we drink is a blessing of Allah; however we are not wise in using it. Everyone should feel sorry for every drop of water wasted in our house. We all know that water is necessary for drinking, cooking, washing and irrigation. We are going to reclaim new areas of desert land. Meanwhile, water is a renewable source of energy which is cheap to generate electricity. So, all people should know how to care for every drop of water because the next century will witness a severe attack and an endless war for providing water supplies

Tourism
Tourism is considered one of the most important earners of foreign currency. Tourists spend a lot of hard currency during their stay in Egypt. Tourists like to visit Egypt to enjoy the sun shine, and the wonderful historic places. They not only like to visit the citadel, the pyramids, Luxor and Aswan but they like to see our modern renaissance as well. The world countries are competing among each other to provide the best world tourist services. We should do our best to encourage tourists to visit us again and again. We should establish cheap hotels and tourist villages along our shores. Finally, we can say that tourism is a giant project helps flourish our economy.

Health
Health is a priceless treasure that completes our happiness and a gift of Allah. We cannot really enjoy our life if we are unhealthy. For an unhealthy person, life is no more than pain and suffering. He is a helpless member who cannot take part in the process of development. However, healthy people are always good members in their societies and help to achieve its welfare  and progress. So, people should take care of their personal cleanliness as it is tremendously important in the prevention of many kinds of infections. In order to be healthy, we must be clean. We must never eat food that smells bad or swollen canned food. We should always wash hands before and after a meal. We must either boil tap water or cool it before we drink. In the end, as it has been said that "prevention is better than cure" so everybody should pay attention to his health.
Reading
Reading is fun. It's the food of the mind. Reading is the most useful hobby. You can gain a lot of knowledge and information through reading. A book is the best friend one could have, with a book you can fly from one country to another in a short time. You can see and know about places you have never been to. If you want to know about sports or even magic, all you can do is to pick up a book and go through it. So, our schools are provided with libraries in order to encourage our students to read to help them know more and more not only about the subjects they study, but about life as well. In brief, we have to read and read to feel that we are human beings.
Information
Information is not only power but it is everything as well. You can not make decisions or plan anything unless it is based on valid information. Almost all activities in daily life are based on information. Thanks to computers, huge amounts of information are stored, classified. and stored and can be retrieved no time. Industry, trade, medicine, science, air travel, agriculture and even art depend on the validity of information. It is said
that the information of the world is increasing rapidly. It is true that we live in the age of information.

Exercises
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"One of the best recent discoveries or inventions"
- Name it and talk about its advantages.
- Reasons why you consider it the best.
- How can people make good use of it.
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"The importance of sport"
- Building up character
- A good means of spending time - Keep healthy.
- It teaches co-operation, self reliance.
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"Avoiding illness"
- Keep clean - Good food and drink.
- Personal cleanliness        - Be careful about tinned food.
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"Making friends"
- Why we need friends. - Friends: good and bad.
- Foreign friends and pen friends.
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"How to spend our spare time" Guiding points:
- Practising one's favourite hobbies.        - Making a plan for spare time.
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"Food Shortage' Guiding points:
Increasing world population / crops grown not enough / no peace in hungry world / solving the problem by turning the vast area of deserts into green land.
Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
"Reading " : You may use these guiding points:
• Reading as a source of information.
• Why is it useful? • The way of encouraging it.

.........................
-FAMOUS PEOPLE AND THE PERSON I ADMIRE THE MOST

People can become famous for discovering something, acting, singing, dancing and many other things. Some of them become well-known during their life, the others after their death. There are many famous people all over the world and one of them is Dr.Ahmed Zewail was born and raised in Egypt on February 26,1946,he received both his bachelor's  and master's degrees from Alexandria University. He earned his doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania and joined the Caltech faculty in 1976 after two years as an IBM Fellow at the University of California at Berkeley. He has a family of four childern and his wife Dema Zewail, a physician in public health .In fact Dr. Zewail is a source of pride for all Arabs and Egyptians for discovering the femto second and winning the Nobel prize for Chemistry.
2-A book I have read recently
 Reading is the only source of knowledge and I want to say that a man without reading is like a river without water .Last week I read Oliver Twist which is the first novel in the English language to centre throughout on a child hero and is also notable for Dickens' portrayal of criminals and their sordid lives. An early example of the social novel, the book calls the public's attention to various social evils, including the Poor Law that states that poor people should work in workhouses, child labour and children as criminals. The moral of Oliver Twist is that bad people must be punished and good people live happily.Mr Brownlow ,Rose and Oliver symbolize right whereas the gang symbolizes evil. Really it is a very interesting novel.
3- The human brain
We have something which is more complicated than the most powerful computer in the world :the brain. The brain is the most complex organ in the human body. It produces our every thought, action, memory, feeling and experience of the world. This jelly-like mass of tissue, weighing in at around 1.4 kilograms, contains one hundred billion nerve cells, or neurons.
. Each neuron can make contact with thousands or even tens of thousands of others,. Our brains form a million new connections for every second of our lives. It controls every thing we do .It sends and receives messages to and from our senses in no time .you can store memories, recognize your favourite singer's voice and smell flowers thanks to your brain. We must all thank Allah for all these gifts.
4-A famous sportsman
Our prophet ordered us to teach our children swimming ,shooting and riding horses. So when we have a famous Egyptian sportsman like Abu-Heif we should be filled with pride and delight . Abu-Heif was one of the best Egyptian athletes. In 2001,    he won a prize          as the best swimmer of the 20th century. Abdel-Latif Abu-Heif was born in 1929 in the Anfoushi area of Alexandria. As a boy, he spent a lot of his time swimming in the sea. At the age of ten, he won the Egyptian primary school swimming championship. After this, he moved to Cairo and trained at Al-Ahli Club.

In 1951, Abu-Heif became internationally famous when he swam across the English Channel. In 1953, he crossed the Channel again. This time he broke the record by crossing in 13 hours and 45 minutes. When he returned to Egypt, the people welcomed him as a national hero. All of us should be proud of such a great man. As a sign of respect , we should always remember our great heroes. We can show programmes on TV to remind people of past heroes. Their names         should be given to streets and other public places. There should be newspaper             articles, TV serials and books that tell us about them and their achievements


5-A role Model
True role models are those who possess the qualities that we would like to have and those who have affected us in a way that makes us want to be better people. To advocate for ourselves and our goals and take leadership on the issues that we believe in
In "The Old Man And The Sea" the wrier shed the light on the effect of a role model" the old man" and the young apprentice "Manoline".Manoline's parents told him to work with a more successful fisherman as the old man was unlucky for not catching any fish for 84 days.Manoline loved and respected him
He visited the old man every evening to talk to him
Manolin saw him as a great role model. He learned never to give up and face hardships bravely
6-How to protect the environment …. ?

Our planet is in trouble! Almost every day we seem to hear of yet another problem affecting the environment - and what a list of problems! - pollution, acid rain, global warming, the destruction of rainforests and other wild habitats, the decline and extinction of thousands of species of animals and plants....and so on.

Nowadays, most of us know that these threats exist and that humans have caused them. Everybody agrees  that cars and other vehicles are damaging our health and our world. Different countries have different ways of stopping this damage. In some places, for example the price of petrol is very high. In other places, people have to pay to drive on some roads or in some cities. Now a speaker is suggesting that people should only be able to use their cars for four days a week instead of seven. To protect our environment we should use electric cars.
We can use cars which burn fuel efficiently. We can plant more trees. We can move factories to places where no people live.We can use public transport instead of using private cars all the time
7-How to avoid illness
Cleanliness is extremely important in protecting us from infections. Hygiene (your own cleanliness) and sanitation (public cleanliness) are both important.
Many infections of the stomach pass from one person to another because of bad sanitation and hygiene. If a child has dirty hands, they will be covered with millions of germs which we cannot see. If that child gives sweets to another child, some of those germs will be passed to the other child. When this child eats the sweet, he or she will eat some of the germs and may become ill. The child's mother may say that it is because her child ate the sweet, but it is really because her child ate the other child's germs.
These are some of the rules of hygiene. You should always wash your hands before a meal. You should bathe more often in hot weather or when you have been running or been to the gym.
You should also be very careful about the food you eat and the water you drink. Make sure that flies and other insects do not land on your food. Insects eat dirt and there are germs in dirt. If insects land on your food, they may pass their germs on to you. You must not leave pieces of food or dirty dishes lying around, because they will attract flies. You can protect food from flies and germs by covering it. You should always boil tap water before you drink it.
Finally, you must never eat food that smells bad because it may be poisonous. Do not eat food from a tin if the tin is damaged; the food will probably be bad.
8-William Shakespeare
I f you ask me about the greatest playwright ever born ;clearly and with no mere doubt ,I say William Shakespeare. William Shakespeare was born on April 23. 1564. in Stratford in the Midlands of -England. His father was a merchant. William went school when he was 7 but he had to leave at the age of 14 because his family had financial problems.

When he was 18, Shakespeare married a farmer’s daughter called Anne Heathway. William and Anne had three children. After that no one
is sure what Shakespeare did but, in 1592, he left his family and went  to London to become an actor.
Then he started writing poems, and one of his longest poems "Venus and Adonis” was so successful that it made him famous. If he hadn’t found a patron at this time he wouldn't have become a famous writer.
In 1594, Shakespeare was a well-known actor and writer who wrote and performed for a theatre group called King's Men. Shakespeare had started writing in 1588 and for the next 17 years he wrote two plays a year. Many of these were performed at the Globe Theatre near to the River Thames in London. His five famous plays are probably Romeo and Juliet written in 1596. A Midsummer Night's Dream in 1596  King Lear in 1606. Shakespeare part owned The Globe Theatre and made a lot of money enough to buy a very large House in Stratford and he retired there, Shakespeare died on April 23, 16

9-A city you visited and admired it

I've been to London in 2007 and I really enjoyed this visit too much. London is the capital and largest area of both England and the United Kingdom. London's history goes back to its founding by the Romans .London is one of the world's leading business, financial and cultural centres, and its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion and the arts contribute to its status as a major global city.
I visited historic buildings and wonderful places ,museums, theatres, beautiful shops and big parks. I liked it so much. The traffic is not as bad as it was before .You had to pay to drive through the middle of London!. I agree that buses in London can be slow, but the underground's quite fast. I like living in London. It's a really safe city.You can express your opinions freely as long as you are in London.

........................

1.Egyptian Satellite Channel
       Egypt has its satellite channel chat beams  programmes to all parts of the country, the entire .Arab World, parts of Africa and Southern Europe. This Satellite service will show recent Egyptians films and serials, cultural and entertainment programmes from around the world. It also shows local and international sport events and news. Thus, Egypt has been one of the countries that introduce its own satellite TV Channel which will compete with the foreign channels.
2.Television
         Television has such a great influence on our modern life that we cannot imagine how our life would be without it. However, it has its great mischief in some aspects of our life .
On the one hand, it provides us with useful information in all branches of life. It helps us to widen our scope of thinking by showing us foreign countries, the habits and customs of their peoples.
          On the other hand, it wastes our time as we are so attracted programmes that we spend too much time watching it. Although it is a means of entertainment and amusement, it also leads people astray they try to imitate bad and wicked deeds. Even though most programs are educational and aim at implanting good ideals, there is also too violence, which may be imitated especially by young people.
3. Travelling abroad
  Travelling is important in man's life. People travel to other countries for different purposes. Some students travel abroad to make post-graduate studies. They increase their amount of knowledge and information. Other people travel to enjoy their lives. They can visit the important sights and see different people and different places. On the other hand, sick people travel abroad to perform medical operations. Other people, like businessmen, travel abroad to make business deals and get more money. So, it is important to say that travelling abroad has great benefit in man's life.
4.Our duties towards our parents
No one can deny that parents deserve much love from us than any other people. They stayed up days and nights for our up bringing. So, we must respect and obey them. We should listen to their advices because they speak for our good. Also, we have to help and care about them in their old age. Whatever we do, we shall never be able to repay their limitless love.
5"The Computer"
     
No one can deny that the computer is a great scientific miracle. It expresses man's great mind and his ability to invent. This wonderful invention stores enormous data. It helps man to do his work quickly and accurately. Man cannot give up computer. He depends on it in nearly all fields of life. He used it to reach the farthest planets and discover new galaxies. He also used it to direct business. Besides, he uses it in banks and the field of communications.
     In short, the invention of the computer has helped man to achieve greater
progress in a few years.
6."Friendship"
         Friendship is a necessity in man's life. Man needs a true friend who helps him in hard times. The English proverb says• A friend in need is a friend indeed". A good friend should be sympathetic: he ought to share his friend's griefs and pleasures. Also, a faithful friend should not be selfish. In other words, he should not care only about his interests at the expense of the others. Besides, a true friend has to fulfil his promises, never to break them. Moreover, he should be truthful and never tell lies.. At the same time. a true friend ought not to reveal his friend's secrets. He should be an honest man.
        Finally, we have to be very careful when we choose our mends in life.
7. The book is the best friend
    No doubt, book is the best friend in our life. It is a means of spending spare time. It increases our information and knowledge in life. We know more about the countries of the world, about peoples' habits, customs and beliefs. Also, book keeps human culture. It is a passage through which human knowledge is transported from generation to another. Because of the importance of books, the state cares much about Book Fair where all books in all fields of life are shown.
  Finally, it is important-to say that books should have a great position in life.
8.The importance of sports.
       It is said, "A sound mind is in a sound body". So it is our duty to encourage youth to practise sports either at schools or in clubs. This will enable them to strengthen their muscles and activate their mental energy. Practising sports helps our youth to be sociable and healthy. It is the best means for spending spare time efficiently, fruitfully and usefully. Sports also have its impact on the structure of our society. Holding competitions helps our young men avoid being involved in wicked behaviour or evil groups.
    Sports are very important in our life. They build up human character and develop it to the better. Also. practising sports is a good means of spending spare time. Sporting can prepare sound mind and sound body. Besides, it teaches good values such as co - operation as most sports depend on team work. The person who practise sports learn not to be selfish and work for the good of the team he belongs to.
9.A Happy Occasion
Last week, we went to the wedding party of our friend, Safy. It was held at a nice club overlooking the Nile. There were a lot of people. A band of musicians played nice music and a good singer sang beautiful wedding songs. The bride and bridegroom received warm congratulations from the wedding guests. We were all happy and celebrated that great event. At the end of the party, we wished the young couple a happy marriage life.
10- Public and school libraries (Reading)
        Public and school libraries help in self-learning and critical thinking. It has been proved that traditional learning is unsuitable for building up an independent citizen. Hence, the government has paid due care to establishing public libraries everywhere in Egypt. These libraries have been equipped with computers, internet and other facilities that help learners and researchers get information from different sources. School libraries have been furnished and supplied with up-to-dale devices to serve students effectively and efficiently. These libraries help greatly in widening the scope of knowledge and promoting self-learning and critical thinking. It is a national mission to update and modernize our libraries all over the country.

...............

Summer camps
        Camping means living away from home depending on yourself . Camps teach us co-operation, self-reliance and love of help to those who need it. Summer camps  suit students most as they are free during the summer.There are daily camps, weekly camps and even whole summer. Camps are useful not only to the person but also to the society .  Camps  make youth grow healthy and keep them away from bad habits.
Computers
      Computers are very important in our modern life. A computer can do wonders nowadays. It is used in all fields of life. It can be useful in education, medicine and industry. Through the computer, we can log on to the internet to get any information we need . The computer can help students to learn and do researches. The computer is used for sending and receiving e-mails and faxes. It is even used for shopping and selling through the Internet. Computer games are very popular among the young .
How to keep the environment clean
Pollution is a big problem for people  and the environment  everywhere. It can cause diseases to man and animals. No doubt it affects badly our environment.
In order to reduce the pollution and keep the environment cleaner, scientists made researches and produced  new types of engines. These can use vegetable oil. Planting more trees and  building factories away  will help to keep the environment clean.

موضوعات يكتبها الطالب للتدريب
1- The person you admire most
2- A story you have read recently.
3-A famous Egyptian scientist.
4- A famous writer.
5-Mobile phones.
6-How will education be different in the future?
7- Youth and free time
8-School libraries
9-How to make Cairo a good place for tourists.
10-How to avoid illness

..............................

           Naguib Mahfouz

     Naguib Mahfouz was one of the most important writers ,his writings affected the cultural life in Egypt and the Arab world, most of his masterworks were translated into many languages, Half of his novels have been made into films. He was born in Cairo in 1911, he began writing when he was seventeen. His first novel was published in 1939, Mahfouz was employed as a civil servant in many posts ,
. He wrote no fewer than thirty novels, more than a hundred short stories, and more than two hundred articles.. In Egypt, each new publication is regarded as a major cultural event .

      Avian influenza
         (Birds flu )
         
            Birds  flu is an infection that occurs among birds such as chickens and ducks  , it makes them very sick , it leads them to death , it can convey the infection to man and cause him to die , the most serious  problem is that the infection has spread rapidly . Birds flu  has affected one of the most important sources of food and business for man . Great efforts must be  done to face that danger , the authorities must offer correct antivirus ,the mass media  must spread the awareness of how to Treat with the infected cases .    

انفجار الاسعار

     We all now suffer from the high rise in prices , this problem is due to a world crisis in food , it is a very  dangerous problem , countries must face this problem and put urgent solutions , people must  increase  production , For government employees the country must raise their salaries , on the other hand those employees must work harder ,  authorities must keep an eye on the market , they mustn't allow greedy traders to drive prices  higher . Due attention must be paid to this matter and never be neglected as it is very serious .
احداث الشغب / العنف

                     No one can deny the bad effects of violence on man and development , it is the attitude that makes us always lose and never gain anything , it  turns any society to ruins, violence is a very bad solution for our crisis, there must be other ways to settle disputes,  riot leads to destruction and havoc , security is necessary for thinking and work,  but violence creates a state of instability and unrest , . Due attention must be paid to this matter and never be neglected as it is very serious .

...........................

Write two paragraphs, of five sentences each about :
"The Egyptian youth are the backbone of our country."
The youth are the backbone of any nation. They can take an important part in many fields. They can make new projects in the desert. In addition to reclaiming the desert , they can make use of it and make profit. Besides they can to the villagers and farmers and teach them how to read and write. Thus they can lessen illiteracy.
Also, they can set associations to help their environment. They can plant trees in the streets since trees reduce the percentage of environmental pollution. They can take part in the new projects carried out in the new cities. They enrich the country with creative ideas and thoughts which put the country on the way of development and progress.
Finally, where are youth , there is progress and prosperity.

How to keep the environment clean .
Have we asked ourselves this question? Have we found an answer? Environment is where we live .we have to keep it clean. We can do this by different means. What about planting trees? We have to plant vast areas of trees as they take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen. We have to search for the reasons for environmental pollution. We have to solve the problem of pollution. Modern means of transport cause pollution. Moreover, they cause sound pollution with their sirens, horns and the noise of their engines. Scientists have to make research and produce fuel which is free of lead. Also in the field of agriculture, countries should pass laws which ban using harmones and poisonous chemicals in food production.  We can spread awareness among people to keep it clean. We have to teach our children how to keep our environment clean. For example , tell them to dump their wastes in baskets.
The long and the short of it, where is clean environment, there is a nice place where you can enjoy your time and life .        

Write a paragraph of eight sentences, using the guidance provided:

Computer study has become very essential nowadays. Nearly all Machines in factories, hospitals and houses are computerized. Unless you know how to deal with them, you are illiterate. A computerized machine not only works in a challenging speed, but also with a great accuracy and efficiently as well. Using the internet is very useful too. You can get access to any country in the world with a click on the mouse or a press on the keyboard. You can have a lot of information about any subject you select. Also, you can make friends with persons from all over the world. To apply for a job you have to skill using the computer . The computer has become part and parcel of our daily life.
The long and the short of it . I can't imagine my life without the computer.

" Hard work leads to success "

               There is an everlasting relation between success and hard work. We can say where is hard work , there is success. To achieve your goals , you have to work hard .the lazy have no place among us.  Student are successful as long as they study hard and do whatever is asked from them by their teachers. So it's the role of schools and universities to encourage students to do better.
              The more you work, the more you gain and earn. Everyone of us must be a man of work not a man of a word. Undoubtedly, lazy people seldom achieve their goals and fail their life. This kind of people aren’t productive in our society but they are parasites. In conclusion, Success is sweet . So we must exert great effort to be successful in life.

Television
Everything in our life has a bright side and a dark side. The bright side represents the advantages while the dark side represents the disadvantages. This fact applies to the TV.
No one can deny the role of TV. It's true that it has a lot of advantages. It's the cheapest means of entertainment. It's an effective means of culture. Students learn much from the educational programmes. In addition to that, TV. attracts people of all ages. It is considered the main source of getting news. It gives you the chance to know what is happening around you. It is also a means of advertising goods. On the other hand, there are some disadvantages to TV. We waste much time watching it instead of reading or working or studying. It also shows scenes of violence which affect us very badly.
In conclusion , We have to make the best use of its advantages and avoid its disadvantages.
Tourism in Egypt
Is tourism important? I think it very important for various reasons. Tourism is the second most important earner of foreign currency for Egypt after petroleum products. It employs huge number of Egyptians such as travel agents, tour guides, hotel staff and building workers. If we want to increase the number of tourists, we should encourage tourists to come. Our country does its best to meet all tourists' demands. we have to decrease pollution in our cities. We should also pave the bumpy roads. New facilities such as parks and transport must be improved to help tourists move easily fro one place to another. Egypt occupies a remarkable position in the field of tourism because it is the meeting point of three continents. Egypt has a mild climate all the year round which attracts a lot of tourists. Not only the government but also the individuals have to encourage tourism and tourists.
**********************************


How to write a letter

The  lay-out الترتيب العام للرسالة  

اسم الشارع رقم المنزل
اسم الحى ان وجد
اسم المدينة
اسم الدولة (اذا كانت الرسالة للخارج )
التاريخ
Dear اسم المرسل إليه ….
        ……………………………المقدمة…………......................………..…….
………………………………الموضوع…………………..……….…….……………………………………………………………….……………………
……………………………………الخاتمة………….……............................…
…………………………………………………………………………...………

yours  
اسم الراسل

المقصود من (lay-out )هو الترتيب العام للرسالة التي تكتبها ويجب أن يتسم هذا الترتيب بالتنظيم والتنسيق الجيد لمكونات الرسالة
مكونات الخطاب

1. العنوان والتاريخ والمقصود هو عنوان الراسل ويكتب عادة في الناحية يســــــار الصفحة والتاريخ هو تاريخ اليوم الذي تكتب فيه الخطاب ويكتب بعد العنوان مباشرة وينظم على النحو التالى
*رقم المنزل يليه اسم الشارع على السطر الأول ثم فاصلة
*اسم المدينة على السطر الثاني ثم فاصلة
*اسم القطر على السطر الثالث إذا كان الخطاب مرسلا إلى الخارج ثم يليه( . ) full stop
*كتابة التاريخ على السطر الأخير

Examples :-You live at 35 Orabi Street Cairo
35 Orabi Street,
Cairo,
Egypt .
21st April 2005

اذا كان الخطاب داخلي نضع (.)بعد اسم المدينة وإذا كان مرسلا للخارج نضع فاصلة ((comma بعد اسم المدينة ونضع (.)بعد اسم الدولة
ويمكن أن نستغني عن اسم القطر إذا كانت الرسالة محلية
انتبه جيدا لعلامات الترقيم في العنوان وكذلك باقي الخطاب سواء ( (comma أو ( (full stopأو (abbreviations) أو الاختصارات مثل :-

ألاماكن
         
*Street                      St.,
*Road                       Rd.,
*Square                    Sq .,
*Place                       Pl.,
   *Avenue                   Ave.,


الشهور  
           
*January                   Jan.
*February                 Feb.
*August                   Aug.
*September              Sep.
*October                  Oct.
*November              Nov.
*December              Dec.


عندما تكتب التاريخ لاحظ أن جميع الأيام تنتهي ب((th ما عدا :-  
*1st, 2nd, 3rd, 21st, 22nd. 23rd, 31st.

يمكن أن تكتب تاريخ اليوم قبل الشهر أو بعده :-
*13 th June 2005                        June 13 th, 2006

يمكن أن نستغني عن كتابة السنة :-
     *19 th May
     

 
   بداية الرسالة (salutation التحية) وهو ما نستهل به الخطاب وذلك بقولنا:-

*Dear……………,                           *Dear uncle Adel,
*Dear father,                                     *Dear aunt Mona,
*Dear mother,                                   *Dear cousin Ahmed,
*Dear friend,                                     *My Dear,…..إذا كنت تكتب إلى صديق حميم


*Dear sir,إذا كنت تكتب إلي فندق أو شركة .............................................
*Dear Mr……………………… شخص لا تعرفه جيدا    إذا كنت تكتب إلي
*Dear Mrs………………..……... إذا كنت تكتب إلى سيدة لا تعرفها جيدا
*Dear miss…………….…………..إذا كنت تكتب إلى آنسة لا تعرفها جيدا


The body

      وهو الجزء الاساسى والرئيسي في مكونات الرسالة ويتكون من:-

Introduction               Purpose              Conclusion
الخاتمة                 الموضوع                المقدمة

أولا المقدمة

   ويجب إلا نكثر فيها من السلامات والتحيات ولكن علينا أن نشير إلى رسالة تلقيناها مؤخرا من  هذا الصديق أو نشير إلى حدث ما أثار رغبتنا في الكتابة أو إلى السبب الذي من اجله نكتب الخطاب.
مقدمات تصلح للمناسبات المختلفة من دعوة وتهنئة وخلافه

Dear………………………..,
1. You can't imagine how happy and pleased I am the moment I am writing to you .
2. I am very happy to write this letter to you, how are you and your family?
3. It gives me great pleasure to write this letter to you, how are you and your family?
4. It pleased me much to write this letter to you.
مقدمات تصلح للمناسبات الغير سارة كحادث أو مرض أو غير ذلك
Dear……………………….,
1. I do feel so much sorrow for what happened to you. No  one knows how sad and sorry I was when I heard ..………..………….

2. I am sorry to hear the bad news ….……..………..….
لا تكتب في هذة الحالة المقدمة العامة

ثم تكمل بأحدي هذه العبارات لكي تدخل بها إلى الموضوع
1. about your illness.
2. that you are (were)ill for such a long time.
3. that you made an accident and were hurt so badly,thank heaven. It might have been worse.
4. about your father's death ,such is heaven's commandإرادة الله .
5. about your mother's illness.
6. that you failed your exams.
7. I do express my sympathy  تعاطف.

مقدمات تصلح للرد على الرسائل المختلفة

Dear………………..,

1. (لمقدمة العامة) + thank you for your kind letter.

2. How nice it was to hear from you at last. I really can't say how much I was glad to receive a letter from one of my dearest friends.

ثانيا الموضوع

ويعتبر أهم جزء في الخطاب ففيه تشرح وتبين دواعي كتابة هذه الرسالة مع ذكر التفاصيل إذا لزم الأمر وعند الرد على رسالة ما فعليك أن تجيب بدقة على الأسئلة والاستفسارات التي يطلبها صديقك.

يجب مراعاة هذة التحولات في اسم الموضوع :-
        * Your                         my         * She / he                         you
        * You                           I            * His / her                       your
هناك بعض العبارات التي تساعد عند الدخول في الموضوع :-
*Please allow me to……………………….
*Please let me……………………………..
*Let me first……………………………….
*I would like to……………………………

1. express my  happiness for your………………….………..…….(تهنئة )
2. express my sadness for your.. ………………………………….(تعزية )
3. invite you to …………………………………………….............(دعوة)
4. congratulate you on …………………………………………..…(تهنئة)
5. borrow your…………….…………….………………………. (استعارة)
6. thank you for…………………….………………………....…...(شكر)
7. apologize  for …………………………………………….….…(اعتذار)
8. tell you about………………..……………………………..…… (أخبار)
9. complain about………….......................................... (( شكوى أو اعتراض
10. describe ………………………………………..….…...…….وصف))
11. blame you because………………………………………..…..عتاب))
12. advise you to……………………………………………..….نصيحة))
13. pay your attention that …………………………….….…..لفت انتباه))
14. explain >why- how<…….………………..…….….((شرح لماذا / كيف
15. offer my help……………………………………..…عرض المساعدة))
16. wish you ………………………التمني).............................................)
17. ask you about ……………………………………….……الاستفسار))
18. ask you for ……………………………………………..……الطلب))
19. ask for your permission ……………………………...….طلب الإذن))
20. remind you…………………………………………….....التذكره).....)
21. sent/ forward ………………………………………….الإرسال).......)
22. reply………………………..........…………………………...الرد))
23. refuse…………………………………………………….…الرفض))
24. warn…………………………………………………….…..التحذير))
25. meet you at……………………………………………….…المقابلة))
26. spend…………………………………………………………الاقامة))
27. suggest……………………………………………….….….الاقتراح))
الخاتمة

من المعتاد أن ننهى الخطاب بأمنية رقيقة وبالطريقة التي تراها مناسبة مع مراعاة أنه يفضل أن تكتب  الخاتمة تكتب وحدها على السطر الأخير على :-

1. I am looking forward to seeing you , I hope you are fine, see you soon.
2. I am looking forward to hearing from you ,remember me to your family,
with my best wishes
3. I shall be looking forward to hearing from you soon.
4. Please give my love to…………………………..…….
5. My kind regards to all your family.  بلغ سلامي إلى جميع أفراد أسرتك
6. Please give my best wishes to…………..…………….
7. I wish you all the best
8. I wish you speedy recovery.                           أتمنى لك الشفاء العاجل
9. Please remember me to your brother.بلغ سلامي إلى أخيك                
10. I long indeed to see you أنى اشتاق حقا إلى رؤيتك                            
11. Please write soon.
12. Hoping to ever hear from you.
13. I wish you many happy returns of the day
                      عاده الله عليكم باليمن والسعادة وكل عام وانتم بخير
14. I hope you get well soon.أتمنى لك الشفاء العاجل                            
Yours,
التوقيع
........................................


A letter writing
,............................رقم المنزل والشارع  
,............................الحي
,............................المدينة
............................الجمهورية ( إذا كان مرسلاً خارج مصر)
.............................التاريخ
Dear …….(اسم المرسل إليه)
            It pleases me so much to ( write this letter to you / receive your kind letter) How are you and how is your family ? I hope you are all l in good health and enjoying your life. In fact I’m writing this letter to………………………………………………………………..………………
…………………………….……………… ( topic)…………… ………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………..………
I'm looking forward to seeing you , please take good care of yourself and keep in touch .
Remember me to your family
     Yours
    ( اسم كاتب الرسالة  )

Topicsأهم الموضوعات  

1- Invitation toعيد ميلاد / حفلة   دعوة إلى: (birthday – party – wedding – cinema – etc )
I should be delighted and it gives me the greatest pleasure to invite you to ………..(all our friends have been invited) (as you never been here before. you will see wonderful places and enjoy our fine weather)  and it would be so nice to see you among us .I’m sure you will enjoy your stay here as we all looking forward to seeing you.

2- Apologizing الاعتذار: (not attending your  …./ not writing to you ).
Words can't express my feelings towards you , but in fact I write this letter to apologize to you for not ……………I was really very ( tired / busy ) so I hope you  accept my apology  .

3- Congratulating التهنئة (success/ marriage / engagement/ new job / prize )
Whatever I write I can't express clearly my true feelings and happiness when I heard of your ………………these news has caused me the greatest happiness ,I hope you  more successes and more happiness in your life.

4- Thanking شكر ( present / letter /new job …)
Whatever I write I can't express clearly my true feeling and happiness , I gratitude to you for the …………………….My family also were very pleased when I told them about the……….Thanks for you again .
5- Sympathy مواساة ( illness / failure / death / accident )
I was extremely sorry when I heard of your ………………… These news has caused me the greatest pain . I hope you will get over these difficulties soon .

6-information about your countryمعلومات عن بلدك (مصر (
I was very pleased when I heard that you are coming to visit Egypt ,I m sure you will spend happy times here .you can see the pyramids and the sphinx in Giza . The museums in Cairo .The temples in Luxor and Aswan .don’t bring heavy clothes with you as the weather is fine here .Don’t worry about the Accommodation as you will be my honoured guest
بعد حذف هذا التعبيرTelling him / her  لا تنسي تغيير الضمائر في بعض الخطابات والتي تبدأ بـ)

* - لاحظ بعض الخطابات  بها أسئلة نجيب عنها  
التحويلات
from To
1- ( he – she – him – her ) you
2- you (فاعل في بداية الجملة   ) I
3- you (مفعول به بعد فعل  ) me
4- your my
5- his / her your

Practice
1- Write a letter to your friend Yara apologizing for not attending her engagement party . Your name is Sara and you live at 5 El-Horrya street , Maadi , Cairo .

2- Write a letter to your cousin Ahmed who lives in Alexandria telling him your future plans for spending the summer holiday and the college you would like to join . your name is Ramadan and you live at 10 Nile street Tanta .
3- Write a letter to your friend Thomas inviting him to visit Egypt .Tell him about some places of interest. your name is Kareem and you live at 15 Ahmed Ramy street , Nozha .Cairo .
4- You travelled to Marsa Matrouh write letter to your friend Amr telling him about your hotel and how you spend your time . your name is Mamdouh . Amer lives at 110 Ramses street , Cairo .
5- Write a letter in reply to the following :-
Dear Magid ,
We are here in the Nile Hotel in Hurghada enjoying the beautiful scenery and water sports , the weather is fascinating . The hotel is terrific . We are staying toe weeks I invite you to come and join us .
Cheers
Nader
( Nader's address 210 Shoubra street , Cairo
A reply to a job advertisement

Dear sir ,
In reply to your advertisement for ..(اسم الوظيفة) .. In …( اسم الصحيفة  ) ..dated …..(التاريخ  ) … I would like to apply for it . my name is… . I’m 22 years old
I’m single  .my telephone number is 664543 I'm efficient in English. / I'm well organized. -I've computing skills. / I've a university degree
I look forward to hearing from
You sincerely

Practice
Write a reply to an advertisement of a production assistant required by Nile TV. to join its programme makers team write to the Nile company , 20 Ahmed Orabi street , Mohandseen , Cairo . your name is Adel and you live at 10 Nozha street , Tanta .


ادرس هذا الخطاب أيضا
How nice it was to hear from you. I hope that you are well and sound better. No one knows how ( happy pleased / sad and sorry ) I am the moment I am writing to you. So please, allow me to……………………….
1- Express my feelings of happiness concerning your ………. I cant tell you how happy and pleased I’m on hearing that good news                         تهنئة  )  )

2- Express my sadness and sorrow  concerning your ………. I hope you get over these difficulties soon                                                                         تعزية  

3- Would you please allow me to invite you to ………………I will be very happy to see you among us                                                                         دعوة  

4- Thank you for your great invitation which I gratefully  accept  . (قبول دعوة)

5-Thank you for your kind invitation which I highly appreciated but I’m deeply sorry for not coming as something quite unexpected happened to me
(رفض الدعوة )
6- Congratulate you on your ( success \marriage \engagement \your birthday\ such good news )                                                                    (تهنئة )

7-Express my apology to you for ………………………………..…… اعتذار

8- Express my gratitude to you .I’m really grateful and thankful to you for
(nice present \ your kind offer \ your kind letter \you kind invitation) شكر

9- would you please allow me to inquire about…………………….(استفسار)

10- Tell you that………………………………………………………………
Looking forward to hearing from you.
Best Wishes                                        
                     Yours,



آخر المواضيع يا :امينة حماد

أمل في بكرة

↑ Grab this Headline Animator


الأوسمة
 :
أوسمه (أمينة حماد هنا)
الوسام التعليمي للمتميزين فقط


التوقيع

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 

أمثلة لموضوعات تعبيرية ( Paragraph ) و Letter بأيدى مدرسين متميزين للصف الاول الثانوى

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1


صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
أمل في بكرة :: منتديات أنا والتعليم وهواه :: الأول الثانوي :: لغة إنجليزية-
 
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